How Many Types Of Dementia Are There?

When you hear the term dementia, you often assume that it is a one size fits all diagnosis and that it’s the same thing or quite similar to Alzheimer’s. You may be surprised to learn that there are ten different types of dementia, and it’s not a separate diagnosis. All ten have particular nuances that make them differ from one another.

So what makes them all different? Continue reading below to find out key differences in the five most common forms of dementia.


As the most common form of dementia, many people see the two diagnoses as the same. However, the term dementia refers to severe changes in the brain that can affect language, decision-making, and memory. Therefore, Alzheimer’s falls under the dementia umbrella as it is caused by brain cell death, which creates severe changes in the makeup of the brain. 

Vascular Dementia

People who suffer from Vascular Dementia often experience symptoms due to a lack of blood flow to the brain. At times, this can be the direct result of a stroke or injury. Other times, it can be a condition that worsens throughout the years. Many people are diagnosed after experiencing vision loss and hallucinations.


People can develop Parkinson’s earlier in life, but as it progresses, it will become a form of dementia due to the changes it brings to the individual’s brain function. Many with Parkinson’s will find themselves unable to do ordinary daily tasks as the disease worsens, causing irritation and depression.


The origin of Huntington’s disease is genetic. Individuals can have one of two types: juvenile-onset and adult-onset. The juvenile form is quite rare, while the adult form will often appear in a person’s ’30s and ’40s. Those who have Huntington’s will notice that they cannot focus and speak clearly. Additionally, it will become increasingly difficult to learn new things as they progress in the disease.

Frontotemporal Dementia

Scientists do not yet know what causes Frontotemporal Dementia, although they believe it is a genetic condition that happens due to gene mutations. This form of dementia can show up in people as young as 45 and causes a lack of inhibition and the formation of impulsive, compulsive behaviors. Individuals will often have difficulty with speech and remembering words.

In Summary

When you hear the word dementia, you often want to loop it into one category. Many automatically think of Alzheimer’s. While that is one of the most common forms of dementia, the actual meaning of the word dementia relates to severe brain changes. There are currently ten different diseases that fall under the umbrella of dementia. 

If you or someone you know has been diagnosed with one of the ten types of dementia, we can help you create an appropriate care plan for meeting all of the necessary needs. Contact Us at Vibrant Life Senior Living to learn more about our Memory Care and to set up an appointment to speak with one of our staff members and tour our facility.